Sandy Baldwin

Sandy Baldwin is a teacher, critic, and artist. He is Associate Professor of English and Director of the Center for Literature Computing at West Virginia University.

Essays by this author

Editing Electronic Literature Scholarship in the Global Publishing System


The practice of Electronic Literature has long raised questions about literary form, literary content, the author, the reader, the moment of publication, and the artifact itself. The companion to the lifecycle of the work in its ecosystem, of course, is the editorial vision itself. In this essay, Sandy Baldwin and Tiffany Zerby call for editors and publishers of works on and about e-lit to become active participants in the process of creating the entire work and in creating the field around works of e-lit. Through analysis of historical and contemporary efforts to prepare edited “collections” (in print, on the web, and/or in databases), Baldwin and Zerby make editorial work visible as creative and critical practice.



In PAIN.TXT, Alan Sondheim and Sandy Baldwin explore the limitations of expression at the borders of human sensation. Derived from a dialog between Sondheim and Baldwin on extreme pain, this essay considers how one signifies intensity and another attempts to interpret that intensity, and the challenges this process poses for affect, imagination, and ultimately intersubjectivity. In keeping with the content of this piece, the two preserve the dialog format, recreating for readers a discourse on pain that never finds its center.

Wiring John Cage: Silence as a Global Sound System


Sandy Baldwin on music in the new media ecology.

Sandy Baldwin's response to Lori Emerson


Sandy Baldwin responds to Lori Emerson

Art, Empire, Industry: The Importance of Eduardo Kac


Sandy Baldwin identifies Eduardo Kac as a conceptual artist, a
forerunner of electronic poetry, and a critical writer whose essays
perform their own content: “writing on new media art as new media

Against Digital Poetics


Sandy Baldwin explores the distinctions between non-digital poetry, digital poetry, and e-literature in general, and considers whether or not such distinctions are ultimately untenable.

Ping Poetics


Sandy Baldwin investigates the manner in which a computer “ping trace” can be classified as a form of digital poetics, and discusses the underlying symbolic practices of both poesis and poetics that encompass coding and computation.